ODESSA, Russia

In which city geniuses are born most of all? Who and where invented “Beef Stroganoff”? Who was the prototype of James Bond? Who was the first to invent cinematography? Odessa will tell!

Origin of the name: one of the versions assumed the existence of an ancient Greek city-state “Odessos” in the area of Odessa Gulf, which, however, appeared to be in the center of Varna (Bulgaria).

History: Previously, it has been assumed that in the place of Odessa there were no ancient cities, but in 2008 the excavations at the location of Primorsky Boulevard turned out to be a sensation: exactly here an ancient Greek city was situated, known to historians as Istrian Harbour. Glass dome, built over the ancient housing, immediately brings us 2,600 years back. In the medieval period our land was under the influence of the Golden Horde and the Crimean Khanate, then under the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Ottoman Empire. It was during the reign of the latter when in the area of Odessa an ancient settlement Khadzhibey was founded (1415). In its territory in the XVIII century the fortress Yeni-Dunya (New World) was built, which wall has been preserved to these days.

After the establishment of the port and the city in 1792 according to the decree of the Empress Catherine the Great Odessa, owing to wisdom and foresight of the leaders Odessa became the third largest city of the Russian Empire. Full-fledged citizens of the city were representatives of more than 100 nationalities, whose heirs live in Odessa till now.

It is difficult to say what Odessa is famous for: Potemkin Stairs or “Beef Stroganoff” dish, the catacombs or the Opera and Ballet Theater? We believe that for people who loved and love their city and created for it. Odessa still gives birth to geniuses and provides the world. The full list is too long, but some of the most famous citizens of Odessa are David Oistrakh and Svyatoslav Richter, Vladimir Zhabotinsky and Sidney Reilly (model for James Bond), ancestors of Sylvester Stallone, Steven Spielberg and Louis B. Meyer, the founder of MGM.


• The architectural ensemble of Primorskiy Boulvard and Ekaterininskaya Square
• Potemkin Stairs
• City Garden (Gorsad), Deribasovskaya Street
• Opera and Ballet Theater
• Museums: archeological, art and craft, Western and Eastern art, private painting galleries
• Memorials and monuments: Unknown Sailor, Holocaust victims, defense of Odessa, Alexander Pushkin, Mikhail Vorontsov, Duke de Richelieu, Catherine the Great
• Palaces: Vorontsov’s, Novikov’s, Gagarin and Tolstoy Palaces

• Summer night clubs in Arcadia beach area
• Cathedrals: Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral (renovated), Protestant church, St. Mary’s Cathedral, Central Synagogue, Center for Eastern Culture (mosque)

Odessa region landmarks:

• Catacombs ( Nerubaiskoye Vlg. - 16 km)
• Akkerman Fortress, Tyras (ancient Greek city) excavations (Byelgorod-Dnyestrovsky – 90 km)
• «Shabo» winery ( Shabo Vlg. – 78 km)
• Unique in Europe biosphere reserve (Vilkovo Vlg. – 200 km)